Dr. Piotr Panek

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a. Correspondence address: Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Photovoltaic Labortory, 43-340 Kozy, Krakowska St. 22

b. Phone.: (033) 8174249

     Fax: (033) 4867180

c. e-mail: Adres poczty elektronicznej jest chroniony przed robotami spamującymi. W przeglądarce musi być włączona obsługa JavaScript, żeby go zobaczyć.

Employment and positions

1984 Institute of Non-ferrous Metals in Gliwice – technician, 1989 Institute of Solid State Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences in Zabrze – assistant, 1992 Mineral and Energy Economy Research Centre, Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow – assistant professor, 1997 Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences in Cracow – assistent professor.

Scientific Carrier

Silesian University in Katowice, Department of Physics, 1982

Ph.D.: Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2006

Scientific achievements

70 papers, among them: 21 papers in refereed journals and periodicals, 20 of them citetd by the Institute for Scientific Information in Philadephia, 48 presentations during conferences, 1 chapter in book.

The most relevant publications during last 5 years

  1. P. Panek, K. Drabczyk, A. Focsa, A. Slaoui, „A comparative study of SiO2 deposited by PECVD and thermal method as passivation for multicrystalline silicon solar cells", Materials Science and Engineering B, 165, (2009), p. 64-66.

  2. P. Panek, K. Drabczyk, P. Zięba, „Crystalline silicon solar cells with high resistivity emitter", Opto-Electronics Review, 17, (2009), p. 161-165.

  3. P. Panek, K. Drabczyk, P. Zięba, R. P. Socha, B. Rajchel, „The Laser-fired Back Contacts for Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells", Proc. of the 24th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Hamburg, Germany, 21-25 September 2009, p. 1930-1933.

  4. L. A. Dobrzański, A. Drygała, P. Panek, M. Lipiński, P. Zięba, „Development of the Laser Method of Multicrystalline Silicon Surface Texturization", Archives of Materials Science and Engineering, 38, (2009), p. 5-11.

  5. E. Klugmann-Radziemska, P. Ostrowski, K. Drabczyk, P. Panek, M. Szkodo, ,,Experimental validation of crystalline silicon solar cells recycling by thermal and chemical methods", Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 94, (2010), p. 2275-2282.

  6. P. Panek, K. Drabczyk, G. Kulesza, P. Zięba, "The Silicon Solar Cells with Laser Fired Back Contacts Obtained by Use of Nd:YAG and Ytterbium Fiber Lasers", ", Proc. of the 26th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Hamburg, Germany, 5-9 September 2011, p. 1750-1752.

  7. P. Panek, „Fotowoltaika Polska 2011", Publikatech, Warszawa 2011, ISSN 0033-2089.

  8. K. Drabczyk, P. Panek, „Silicon-based solar cells: characteristics and production processes", Kraków 2012, ISBN 978-83-62098-08-8.

  9. K. Drabczyk, P. Panek, „A comparative study of EVA with and without thermal history for different lamination process parameters", Materials Science and Engineering B, 177, (2012), p. 1378-1383.

  10. T. Stapiński, K. Marszałek, M. Lipiński, P. Panek, W. Szczepanik, „Investigation of solar panels with anhanced transmission glass", Microelectronic Materials and Technologies, vol. 1, (2012), p. 285-296, Koszalin 2012, ISSN 0239-7129.

  11. K. Drabczyk, R. Socha, P. Panek, ,,Electrodeposition of thin metallic layer for solar cell electrodes", Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, vol. 26, issue 1, (2014), p. 18-21.

  12. K. Drabczyk, P. Panek, „ Influence of screen printing parameters on the front metallic electrodes geometry of solar cells", Circuit World, vol. 40, issue 1, (2014), p. 23-26.

  13. T. Stapiński, M. Godlewski, M. Jakubowska, K. Marszałek, R. Pietruszka, P. Panek, B. Soliński, I. Soliński, K. Turoń, G. Wróblewski, ,,Materiały i metody optymalizacji budowy ogniw i paneli fotowoltaicznych'', AR TOP, Kraków, 2014, ISBN 978-83-63179-17-5.

Research Projects

Projects from Ministry of Science and Higher Education

  • Development Project No. NR10-0020-10/2011 (2011-01-03 - 2013-12-31)- Development and testing charging station based on solar cells for electric vehicles.

Common research within the scientific network

  • EKOENERGIA- New ecological and save technologies in energy production and conversion, IMP PAS, contractor, 2006-2007

  • PV-TECH- Development of new technologies and research techniques for silicon solar cells, IMMS PAS, contractor, 2008

International exchange programmes

  • Application of macroporous silicon to silicon solar cells, Laboratoire de Chimie Metallurgique des Terres Rares, CNRS, Thiais, Francja, 2003-2005.

  • In-line processing of n+/p and p/p+ junction systems for cheap photovoltaic module production, Projekt konsorcjum Instytutu Metalurgii i Inżynierii Materiałowej PAN, Instytutu Katalizy i Fizykochemii Powierzchni PAN w Krakowie, SINTEF - Norwegia. 2014-2016, projekt finansowany przez NCBiR w ramach norweskiego mechanizmu finansowania. POL-NOR/199380/89/2014 task manager for Work Package 1 -,,Front and back doping of Si wafers by low cost method".

Experience gained abroad:

  • PHASE - CNRS, Strasburg, France, September 1992 - research collaboration

  • NATO - Advanced Study Institute - Photovoltaic and Photoactive Materials, Sozopol, Bulgaria, 2001 (14 days) - training

  • Laboratoire de Chimie Metallurgique des Terres Rares – CNRS, Thiais, France, 2002, 2003 (two weeks each) - research collaboration Institut d’Electronique du Solide et des Systèmes ,

  • CNRS – Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France, 2007 (two months) – research contractInstitut d’Electronique du Solide et des Systèmes ,

  • CNRS – Universite Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France, 2008 (two months)– research contract

  • Stiftelsen SINTEF, Institute Material and Chemistry, Strindveinen 4, 7465 Trondheim, Norway, 21 - 28.10.2014.

Education of scientific staff

Superviser of 4 M.Sc. thesis: Grzegorz Holtzer (2006), Anna Byrska (2008), Paweł Kędzior (2010), Bernadeta Klimek (2013)

Organisation of conferences and scientific events

Member of organization committee:

PV-TECH Development of new technologies and research techniques for silicon solar cells, reporting meeting, Kozy, 2008
I Photovoltaic Polish Country Conference, 8 - 11 October 2009, Krynica-Zdrój
II Photovoltaic Polish Country Conference, 12 - 15 May 2011, Krynica-Zdrój
European Photovoltaics Summer School, 4 - 7 July 2012, Krakow, Poland

Membership in professional societies

Member of Scientific Board of IMMS PAS Cracow 2007 – 2010


Bronze Cross of Merit, President of Poland, Krakow 2012

Main scientific interest
Mono- and multicrystalline silicon thick films solar cells technology. Chemical etching, texturization and cleaning for Si wafers, diffusion of phosphorous and boron dopants deposited from gaseous and liquid phases and surface passivation by thermal oxide processes. Laser fired point contacts. Porous silicon. Encapsulation processes of PV modules.